· Research Ethics
In the case of animal experiments, authors should follow the institutional or national guidelines in accordance with the Animal Protection Law of Korea with the approval of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). In addition, all studies involving human subjects or human data must be approved by a responsible Institutional Review Board (IRB). Authors should follow the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/) for all investigations involving human materials. When necessary, the editorial board of JARB can ask for submitting the approved protocol by IACUC and IRB. The submitted articles should have the originality, in addition, they must have not been submitted, accepted and published elsewhere. Any parts of articles already accepted in JARB should not be considered to submit to other journals without permission of the editorial board of JARB. If a duplicate publication of accepted or published article in JARB to another journal is verified, KSARB will inform it to the journal committee and notice it to authors’ affiliation to give a penalty.
· Conflict of Interest
The corresponding author should inform the editor the conflict of interest which may affect on analyzing data (e.g. financial support, engagement, consultation, stock ownership, remuneration, paid expert testimony, and patent application/registration). A potential conflict of interest should be disclosed in a manuscript and cover letter even when the authors are confident that their judgments have not been influenced during the study or in preparing the manuscript.
JARB follows the recommendations for authorship by the ICMJE, 2017 (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf). Authorship credit should be based on (1) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND (2) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND (3) final approval of the version to be published; AND (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet conditions of 1, 2, 3, and 4. In addition, an author should be accountable for the parts of the work that he or she has done and should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged. These authorship criteria are intended to reserve the status of authorship for those who deserve credit and can take responsibility for the work.
Improper authorship may apply if any of the authors have not made a substantial contribution to one of the nine core contributions (concept and design, analysis and interpretation, data collection, writing the article, critical revision of the article, final approval of the article, statistical analysis, obtained funding, and overall responsibility.
Unjustified authorship includes ghost authorship or guest authorship. Ghost authorship occurs when an individual makes a substantial contribution to the research or the writing of the report, but is not listed as an author. Ghost authorship is considered as a problematic issue because it may be used to obscure the participation of researchers with conflicts of interest. A ghost author may be concealed to obscure industry sponsoring the research, improving the apparent objectivity of an article while maintaining the company’s control over its contents. Another ghost authorship occurs when a mentor published his/her student’s academic thesis or doctoral dissertation without the name of the student.
The other unjustified authorship is called as ‘gift authorship,’ ‘guest authorship,’ ‘honorary authorship,’ ‘gratuitous authorship,’ ‘loose authorship’ and more. It means the inclusion on publication bylines of colleagues who have done little or no work in the conceptualization or development of a scientific project.
For students and residents, participation in only a portion of a project renders a student ineligible for authorship. Authorship should not be a reward for any form of participation, although individuals with lesser participation can and should be noted in Acknowledgments. Mentors should ensure students have the opportunity to learn from a whole experience.
For transparency, contribution of each author must be stated according to the CRediT Taxonomy of author roles (https://casrai.org/credit/) and presented on the title page: Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; Writing - review & editing. Authorship statements should be formatted with the names of authors first and CRediT role(s) following.
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.Only in exceptional circumstances, the Editor will consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript in an online isue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
The JARB publishes original articles, review articles, short communications, and clinical reports. Original articles are to be arranged in the following order: title page, abstract with key words less than five, introduction, materials and methods, result(s), discussion, conclusion, references, table(s), figure(s), and legend(s) for figure(s). Short communications are arranged in accordance with the order for original article, but result and discussion sections are combined. Clinical reports are to be arranged in the following order: title page, abstract with key words less than five, introduction, clinical case, discussion, conclusion, references, table(s), figure(s), and legend(s) for figure(s). Manuscripts must be typed using 12 points font in 160% (1.5 line) spacing on A4-sized white paper, with a margin of 25 mm on both top and bottom, and 25 mm on both right and left sides. The lines of the text should be numbered continuously in the left margin beginning from the title page and all pages should be numbered consecutively. All manuscripts should be submitted to website of JARB at www.e-jarb.org.
A publication fee 300,000 KRW will be charged for the basic five pages, and 20,000 KRW per page will be charged for exceeding pages. The design desk charges are 5,000 KRW/cut and the photo-work charges 5,000 KRW/photo. The charges for color printing are 200,000 KRW/page, and 150,000 KRW/page will be charged for extra pages. The author can decide whether to have color prints or not. For a reference error verification confirmation, authors will be charged 30,000 KRW for 30 references and an extra 1,000 KRW/reference will be charged for verification of more than 30 references. The offprints cost 500 KRW/copy, and the author has to pay an additional 5,000 KRW/book as shipment charges. Publication fees can be waived for manuscripts submitted by the authors from countries classified as low-income and lower-middle-income economies by THE WORLD BANK.
Rifat J. Sumi, Ziban C. Das, Mohammad N. Hoque, Abu N. M. A. Rahman, Mohammad T. Islam and Anup K. Talukder
Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology 2022;37: 266-275
Chuluunbayar Uuganbayar, Tsolmonbaatar Boldsaikhan, Byambasaikhan Danzan-Osor, Ho-Jun Lee, Sang-Hwan Kim and Enkhbolor Barsuren
Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology 2022;37: 226-230
Garam An, Hahyun Park, Gwonhwa Song and Whasun Lim
Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology 2021;36: 2-8
Hahyun Park, Gwonhwa Song and Whasun Lim
Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology 2021;36: 17-24