JARB Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotehnology

OPEN ACCESS pISSN: 2671-4639
eISSN: 2671-4663

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For Authors

contributors For Authors

· Research Ethics

In the case of animal experiments, authors should follow the institutional or national guidelines in accordance with the Animal Protection Law of Korea with the approval of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). In addition, all studies involving human subjects or human data must be approved by a responsible Institutional Review Board (IRB). Authors should follow the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/) for all investigations involving human materials. When necessary, the editorial board of JARB can ask for submitting the approved protocol by IACUC and IRB. The submitted articles should have the originality, in addition, they must have not been submitted, accepted and published elsewhere. Any parts of articles already accepted in JARB should not be considered to submit to other journals without permission of the editorial board of JARB. If a duplicate publication of accepted or published article in JARB to another journal is verified, KSARB will inform it to the journal committee and notice it to authors’ affiliation to give a penalty.

· Conflict of Interest

The corresponding author should inform the editor the conflict of interest which may affect on analyzing data (e.g. financial support, engagement, consultation, stock ownership, remuneration, paid expert testimony, and patent application/registration). A potential conflict of interest should be disclosed in a manuscript and cover letter even when the authors are confident that their judgments have not been influenced during the study or in preparing the manuscript.

JARB follows the recommendations for authorship by the ICMJE, 2017 (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf). Authorship credit should be based on (1) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND (2) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND (3) final approval of the version to be published; AND (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet conditions of 1, 2, 3, and 4. In addition, an author should be accountable for the parts of the work that he or she has done and should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged. These authorship criteria are intended to reserve the status of authorship for those who deserve credit and can take responsibility for the work.

Improper authorship may apply if any of the authors have not made a substantial contribution to one of the nine core contributions (concept and design, analysis and interpretation, data collection, writing the article, critical revision of the article, final approval of the article, statistical analysis, obtained funding, and overall responsibility.

Unjustified authorship includes ghost authorship or guest authorship. Ghost authorship occurs when an individual makes a substantial contribution to the research or the writing of the report, but is not listed as an author. Ghost authorship is considered as a problematic issue because it may be used to obscure the participation of researchers with conflicts of interest. A ghost author may be concealed to obscure industry sponsoring the research, improving the apparent objectivity of an article while maintaining the company’s control over its contents. Another ghost authorship occurs when a mentor published his/her student’s academic thesis or doctoral dissertation without the name of the student.

The other unjustified authorship is called as ‘gift authorship,’ ‘guest authorship,’ ‘honorary authorship,’ ‘gratuitous authorship,’ ‘loose authorship’ and more. It means the inclusion on publication bylines of colleagues who have done little or no work in the conceptualization or development of a scientific project.

For students and residents, participation in only a portion of a project renders a student ineligible for authorship. Authorship should not be a reward for any form of participation, although individuals with lesser participation can and should be noted in Acknowledgments. Mentors should ensure students have the opportunity to learn from a whole experience.

Author Contributions

For transparency, contribution of each author must be stated according to the CRediT Taxonomy of author roles (https://casrai.org/credit/) and presented on the title page: Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; Writing - review & editing. Authorship statements should be formatted with the names of authors first and CRediT role(s) following.

Authorship Change

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Only in exceptional circumstances, the Editor will consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript in an online isue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

The JARB publishes original articles, review articles, short communications, and clinical reports. Original articles are to be arranged in the following order: title page, abstract with key words less than five, introduction, materials and methods, result(s), discussion, conclusion, references, table(s), figure(s), and legend(s) for figure(s). Short communications are arranged in accordance with the order for original article, but result and discussion sections are combined. Clinical reports are to be arranged in the following order: title page, abstract with key words less than five, introduction, clinical case, discussion, conclusion, references, table(s), figure(s), and legend(s) for figure(s). Manuscripts must be typed using 12 points font in 160% (1.5 line) spacing on A4-sized white paper, with a margin of 25 mm on both top and bottom, and 25 mm on both right and left sides. The lines of the text should be numbered continuously in the left margin beginning from the title page and all pages should be numbered consecutively. All manuscripts should be submitted to website of JARB at www.e-jarb.org.

  • 1) Title page

    1. When uploaded through online submission, the title page file is separated with main manuscript file.
    2. The title should be concise and precise, but informative for the contents.
    3. Authors and affiliation: The full name(s) of author(s) should be indicated immediately below the title. The full name of institutions and subsidiary departments should be given, together with a useful address including postal code. If several authors and institutions are listed on a paper, it should be clearly indicated with which department and institution each author is affiliated. The affiliation address in each case should be indicated by superscript number. The corresponding author should be indicated by superscript “*”.
    4. Running title: A brief running title should be provided, not to exceed 50 characters including spaces.
    5. The information of corresponding author in terms of full name, institutional affiliation(s), phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address should be given.
    6. Contribution of each author and funding sources should be included as footnotes on title page.
    7. At the end of title page, all authors should present their Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID) No. and position (e.g. Professor, PhD, PhD candidate, MS, MS candidate, BS, BS candidate, and Student).
  • 2) Main manuscript

    1. When uploaded through online submission, the main manuscript file is separated with title page file. After the information of author(s) and affiliation(s) are excluded from the main manuscript, the contents below should be provided in the main manuscript.
    2. Title: The same title on the title page is described
    3. Abstract: Abstract should be clear, concise, and accurate summary in less than 350 words. The abstract must include the following separate sections:
      - Background: The context and objectives of the study
      - Methods: The key methods used for analysis and investigations.
      - Results: The main findings
      - Conclusions: Brief summary of the study outcomes and potential implications
      Up to 5 key words should be listed at the bottom of the abstract to be used as index terms. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.
    4. Introduction: This should acquaint the reader with the subject and justify the objective(s) of the research. There should be a clear description of the nature and extent of the problem to be studied, a presentation of the pertinent research by others in the field of the study, and a statement of how the authors’ study challenges, expands or improves the known material.
    5. Materials and Methods: This section must contain enough information to allow another scientist to duplicate the study. Experimental procedures that have been published previously are not necessary to be described in detail, but appropriate references should be cited. However, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures should be fully described. Materials must be named specifically, including the manufacturer, city, and country where the equipment or supplies were obtained. All chemicals and reagents should use a generic name, not a brand name. The method of statistical evaluation must be stated.
    6. Result: This section must contain sufficient information to fully describe the outcome of the research. The use of tables and figures is encouraged, but repetition of the same data in different forms should be avoided.
    7. Discussion: This section should provide the authors’ interpretation and integration of the results in response to the question(s) or hypothesis stated in the introduction. The principles, relationships, and general truths shown by the results should be presented without retelling the results if at all possible.
    8. Conclusion: The main findings of article are summarized, in consistent with abstract part.
    9. Acknowledgement: The persons who have made a substantial contribution by financial or technical supports but who are not eligible as authors can be named in the acknowledgment.
    10. Reference: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a reference section. The number of references should not exceed 30 for original articles, 50 for review articles, and 15 for clinical reports and short communications.

      A) References in the manuscript should be cited in chronological order in brackets “( )”. If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors the name of the first author should be used followed by “et al.”. (e.g. Hill, 2003; Hays and Renard, 1999; Park et al., 2004).

      B) Articles in the Reference section should be arranged and listed in the alphabetical order, by the first author’s surname.

      C) References should use the following style:

      For periodicals
      Name of the authors. Year. Article title. Journal title volume: start page-end page.
      Schenk JL, Suh TK, Seidel Jr. GE. 2006. Embryo production from superovulated cattle following insemination of sexed sperm. Theriogenology 65:299-307.
      Yong HY and Lee E. 2007. Presence of intact cumulus cells during in vitro fertilization inhibits sperm penetration but improves blastocyst formation in vitro. J. Emb. Trans. 22:1-7.

      For books
      Name of the authors. Year. Book title. Edition, Publisher name, Publisher location, pp. start page-end page.
      Barron DH, Jone SK. 1982. Manual of...Pathology. 3rd ed, Saunders, New York, pp. 142-192.

      For book chapter
      Name of author of the chapter. Year. Chapter title. In: Name of authors (Ed(s).), Book title, Publisher name, Publisher location, pp. start page-end page.
      Betteridge KJ. 1993. Embryo transfer. In: King GJ (Ed.), Reproduction in Domesticated Animals, World Animal Science B9, Elsevier Science B. V., pp. 413-418.

      D) Work accepted for publication but not yet published should be referred to as “in press”. References concerning unpublished data and “personal communications” should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.

    11. Table: Each table should have the title on the top of it. The first character of the title should be in capital letters, and the title should be written in a phrase or paragraph without a period at the end. All tables should be numbered by consecutive arabic numbers, in order of citation in the manuscript (from Table 1). Table(s) should be typewritten separately from the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Any explanation essential to the understanding for the table and all abbreviations should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table. The unit used in a table should be marked within the table.
    12. Figure and legend of figure: Each figure should have the title on the top of it. The first character of the title should be in capital letters. Figure and legend of figure should provide sufficient information. All figures should be numbered by consecutive arabic numbers, in order of mention in the manuscript (from Fig. 1). Where a figure has more than one panel, each panel should be labeled as follows: Fig. 1A, Fig. 1B. Figure and legend of figure should be placed separately from the text. Explanation for figure should be given in the legend of figure. The legend of figure for the clinical photograph should include the site of where the photograph was taken. Also, a legend for each of the light microscopic photographs should include the name of the stain and the magnification. Symbols (arrows, asterisks, and letters) indicating parts of figure, and the abbreviations should be explained in the legend of figure. All kinds of figures may be reduced, enlarged, or trimmed for publication by the Editor. All kinds of images obtained from the internet are prohibited.
    13. Abbreviations: AAbbreviations in the text should be used after having been initially explained. Common recognizable abbreviations can be used without definition as follows: M, mM, m, cm, mm, μm, nm, cm2, l, ml, kg, g, mg, ng, pg, h, min, sec, Hz, cal, Kcal, ANOVA, BSA, DNA, FBS, IVF, PBS, RNA, SD, SEM etc.
    14. Units of measurement should be reported in CGS system. The scientific names, gene names, and Latin must be italicized.
  • 3) Transfer of copyright and authorship responsibility

    When the manuscript is submitted to the e-submission website of the JARB, authors can find the “Transfer of copyright and authorship responsibility” form. The authors should fill in the form and submit it.

A publication fee 300,000 KRW will be charged for the basic five pages, and 20,000 KRW per page will be charged for exceeding pages. The design desk charges are 5,000 KRW/cut and the photo-work charges 5,000 KRW/photo. The charges for color printing are 200,000 KRW/page, and 150,000 KRW/page will be charged for extra pages. The author can decide whether to have color prints or not. For a reference error verification confirmation, authors will be charged 30,000 KRW for 30 references and an extra 1,000 KRW/reference will be charged for verification of more than 30 references. The offprints cost 500 KRW/copy, and the author has to pay an additional 5,000 KRW/book as shipment charges. Publication fees can be waived for manuscripts submitted by the authors from countries classified as low-income and lower-middle-income economies by THE WORLD BANK.

  1. All submitted manuscripts are peer-reviewed critically more than two reviewers. Proper revisions and corrections are requested to take account of criticisms and comments made by referees. Authors must indicate clearly what alterations have been made in response to the referees comments point by point, in addition, the revised contents should be highlighted as different color(s). Acceptable reasons should be given for noncompliance with any requirements of the referees.
  2. Acceptance of the manuscripts submitted is decided by editorial board according to evaluations of the referees. Rejected manuscript will be returned to authors with describing the reasons.
  3. After being accepted, corresponding author should combine the title page with the main manuscript, and submit a final file of the manuscript by e-mail to the editorial committee of JARB in Microsoft Office Word (.DOC or .DOCX) or Hancom (.HWP)).
  4. Submission of manuscripts do not meet the requirement of the “Instructions to Authors” of the JARB may delay or cancel the evaluations of the referees.
  5. Submissions should be sent to online submission into journal online submission website (www.e-jarb.org).
  6. Other matters not specified in this instruction are subject to custom.
Journal information March, 2024 Vol.39 No.1
pISSN 2671-4639
eISSN 2671-4663
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OPEN ACCESS pISSN: 2671-4639
eISSN: 2671-4663