Fold changes in mRNA expression of MutS, MutL (DNA MMR-related gene) and Rad51 (HR-related gene) in CdCl2-treated HC11 (A) mRNA level of MutS gene in the HC11 cells treated with CdCl2. Mouse Msh2 mRNA expression in HC11 no fold change (p = 0.0062). Msh3 mRNA expression has 4.4-fold decrease (p < 0.0001). Msh6 mRNA expression is increased 1.7-fold (p < 0.0001). (B) mRNA level of MutL and Rad51 genes in the HC11 cells treated with CdCl2. Mouse Mlh1 mRNA expression in HC11 is increased 1.5-fold (p < 0.0019). Pms2 mRNA expression has a 1.6-fold decrease (p < 0.0012). mRad51 mRNA expression in HC11 is decreased 3.4-fold (p < 0.001). Error bars shows the standard deviation from each sample. NS: no statistical difference. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p <0.0001.